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Hours of Service Best Practices for Drivers and Shippers

hours of service and parking

Hours of Service Best Practices for Drivers and Shippers

A carrier arrives to pick up a load in the afternoon with only a few available hours left before he or she needs to take a 10 hour rest break. The loading facility has been running behind all day and takes much longer than anticipated to load the truck. By the time the paperwork is done and the driver is ready to go, the driver is “out of hours” and significantly into the 10 hour required rest period. The loading facility has a strict no overnight policy and asks the driver to leave. The driver refuses, reiterating that the facility is asking him to violate hours of service regulations.

Some variation of this scenario is happening with more increasing frequency across the country. What is the best way to resolve this situation?

Both parties may be technically “in the right”—the driver is out of hours, the loading facility can’t let the truck stay overnight, and there is risk for both parties that something could go wrong should they bend on their policy. If the loading facility allows the carrier to stay, especially overnight if no one is at the facility, a number of things could go wrong. If the carrier is stopped by law enforcement, there is a risk that he or she gets the book thrown at him or her for violating hours of service regulations. While there is no perfect way to handle this situation, here are some best practices that can be used to diffuse and mitigate the risks involved in this situation:

  • Drivers and shippers should remain calm and work together for a solution rather than dig in their heels that they have the superior legal standing.
  • Drivers can use the “personal conveyance” exemption for a trip to the very nearest possible place to rest safely. They can offer to do that, but should express to the shipper the need to make sure their trip is short.
  • Drivers should communicate that if they move from the facility, they could be violating hours of service regulations and would like some assistance or evidence to provide enforcement personnel proof that they attempted to rest in place but were not able to because they were on private property.
  • Shippers should know where the closest place to legally rest is for drivers and provide a map or directions to that location with estimated travel times.
  • Shippers should offer to provide the carrier a time stamped note regarding the situation that carriers can use to demonstrate that they legitimately were on “personal conveyance” and had communicated to the shipper that they were out of hours. While a note is not legally required, it may provide drivers a level of reassurance and proof they can use should they be stopped by enforcement.
  • Shippers and receivers should consistently enforce their polices on these matters, regardless of who is running the dock that shift. Policies should also be clearly displayed in a location where drivers can easily see them.
  • Drivers and shippers should proactively work together to establish a viable solution as soon as the issue is identified. It is much better to have a conversation about it an hour or two before a driver’s time expires than it is to wait until the last minute.

While shippers should always keep loading times consistent, unexpected delays do occur. By working together, rather than against each other, all parties in the supply chain can safely solve the increasing number of policy related conflicts that are occurring. What are some other policies that seem to frequently conflict with one another? What are some hours of service best practices you use to resolve the conflict?

- Director, Government Affairs- C.H. Robinson


Sandy Gruhn

The real issue here is who is liable in the event of an accident when a driver is using the personal conveyance provision to move to a safe haven? Shippers and brokers should be concerned that they could potentially be drawn into a liability lawsuit. While the blog only talks about a driver running out of hours at a shipping location, our experience is that it happens more frequently at a receiving location. In that case both the shipper and the receiver could be drawn a law suit. Further compounding the problem are states like Wisconsin that contend that personal conveyance can only be used when bobtailing.




Bottom line is the driver will be on the hook for operating after hours if a accident should occur.








Where in the FMCSA regulations do you find the “personal conveyance” rule?




How about drop your trailer when you arrive go to the nearest truck stop/rest area, take your 10 hours off than go back, if you 're at a C&S by the time you come back they might just be finishing your load. Every shipper/ receiver can be delayed, you get delayed by traffic, snow, brake down, they fine you or post pone your appointment , working together is a great idea, only problem is nobody cares about the truck driver.



Scott Jordan

Here is a suggestion just leave and go to the truck stop or parking area before you are out of hours. This way you won't have to worry about getting into an argument with the shipper in the first place.



Mike Kazan

Personal conveyance cannot be used, and I hope CHR is not suggesting this to shippers because this will only escalate the conflict.
Personal Conveyance is a special driving status that allows drivers to operate a vehicle without accruing Driving time on their log. This time will be recorded as Off Duty. This status should only be used when operating a vehicle for personal reasons while it is unladen and has no trailer.
I suggest that carrier should not send a truck to the customer if the driver doesn't have at least three hours available. And the customers who keep a truck for more than 2 hours are expected to provide overnight parking.
With new ELD mandate, and all GPS data available for timing. Could be a good solution or even an industry standard.



Nathaniel P Mullikin

This solution assumes a lot of goodwill on the distribution centers part that just does not exist. Trucks are a necessary evil at shippers. Lock the doors and make them call the police. Annotate the violated log with officers name and nah number. The second or third time the officer has to try to find a place for truck parking like we do all the time he will park the truck on the facility. The industry is giving us a slew of jump and do not come down instructions. They need to experience it.



jason g

drop your trailer for 10 hours, go back and discover that the Shipper had it towed. . .



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